Physiotherapy For Sports Injury

Sports medicine like all other branches of medicine aims at the complete physical mental and spiritual well being of a sport person.

Classification Of Sports Injuries  

Williams Classification

 Among The Consequential Injuries

    1. Primary Extrinsic
      • Human: black eye due to direct blow
      • Implemental: incidental or due  to overuse
      • Vehicular: clavicle fracture due to fall from cycle etc
      • Environmental: injuries in divers
      • Occupational: jumpers knee in athletes, condromalacia in cyclists,etc.


  1.       Primary Intrinsic
    • Incidental: strains, sprains.
    • Overuse: acute tenosynovitising of the wrist extensor in can exists.
    • Chronic: march fracture in soldiers,etc.

Nonconsequential Injuries

  • Not related to sports but is due to injuries either at home (e.g. slip and fall at home).

Common Sports Injuries:

Upper Limbs

Shoulder Complex

  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • Shoulder dislocation
  • Fracture clavicle
  • Acromio clavicular injuries
  • Bicipital tendinitis of rupture


  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfers elbow
  • Dislocation of elbow


  • Wrist pain
  • Baseball injury
  • Jersey thumb
  • Injuries to the finger joints.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome


  • Mallet finger injury
  • Baseball injury
  • Jersey thumb
  • Injury to the finger joint.

Lower Limb


  • Illiotibial or tract syndrome.
  • Quadriceps strain
  • Hip pain.
  • Groin pain due to adductor strain.


  • Jumpers knee
  • Chondromalacia
  • Fracture patella
  • Knee ligament injuries
  • Meniscal injuries.


  • Calf muscle strain
  • Hamstring sprain
  • Stress fracture of tibia
  • Compartmental syndrome of leg


Ankle Injuries

  • Ankle sprain
  • Injuries to tendoachilles
  • Tenosynovitis


  • March fracture
  • Jones fracture
  • Foefoot Injuries
  • Injuries of sesamoid bone of great toe.


Head, Neck, Trunk And Spine

  • Head injuries
  • Whiplash injuries
  • Rib fractures
  • Trunk muscle strains
  • Abdominal muscle strain
  • Low backache

Preventive Measures

  •  Proper clinical examination to identify defects.
  • Fitness training
  • Correcting the wrong body postures
  • Conditioning exercises
  • Cardiopulmonary conditioning exercise for endurance
  • Proper warm up\Wearing proper foot wears
  • For prevention of overuse injuries frequent breaks
  • Avoid sports in very high and low climates area.


General Principles

Concept Or RICEMM



C-Compression bandaging

E-Elevation of injured part

M-Medicines like pain killers.

M-Modalities like heat,straps,supports,etc.

After immobilization and rest early vigorous exercises shall be started

Training:  Physiotherapist has to train sportsperson for to increase endurance, strength, runing, weight bearing.

  • Exercises to increase Cardiopulmonary Capacity for endurance


  • Exercise to increase muscle strength


  • Exercise for Free weight bearing to increase tensile strength


  • Measures to improve Agility for balance and coordination.


  • Improvement in speed-polymetrics.


  • Measures for Relaxation and body stretches.


Visit Our Physiotherapy Clinic to get best physiotherapy treatment for sports injury. For Appointment Call Us: 9582302296, 9910269502.